A summit to decide the fate of the Ukraine war begins today in Switzerland. Who will participate in the debates and who will represent Romania

A summit to decide the fate of the Ukraine war begins today in Switzerland. Yesterday, Volodymyr Zelensky arrived at a luxury resort where dozens of heads of state and government are expected. It was jointly organized by Switzerland and Ukraine, and more than 90 countries and international organizations are invited, including friends of Russia such as India, Turkey and Hungary. Russia, on the other hand, was not invited, and China did not attend, as it tries to promote its own peace strategy to Kiev.

World leaders will join Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky for a summit in Switzerland on Saturday to explore ways to end Europe’s bloodiest conflict since World War II, but Russia was not invited and the event was not managed to achieve Kiev’s goal of isolating Moscow, according to Reuters. Taken by News.ro.

US Vice President Kamala Harris, French President Emmanuel Macron and the leaders of Germany, Italy, Great Britain, Canada and Japan will attend the June 15-16 meeting at the Swiss mountaintop resort of Buergenstock.

India, which has helped Moscow recover from the shock of sanctions, is expected to send a delegation.

Turkey and Hungary, which maintain cordial relations with Russia, will be represented by their respective foreign ministers.

But despite months of intense lobbying by Ukraine and Switzerland, other leaders would not attend, notably China, a major consumer of Russian oil and supplier of supplies that help Moscow maintain its production base.

“This meeting is already a result,” Zelensky said in Berlin on Tuesday, acknowledging the challenge of maintaining international support as the war continues into its third year.

Ninety-two countries and eight organizations will participate, Switzerland said.

Organizers preparing a joint statement sought to strike a balance between condemning Russia’s actions and ensuring as many participants as possible, diplomats say.

The summit’s final draft refers to Russia’s “war” against Ukraine, and according to two people familiar with the document, the U.N. Emphasizes commitment to the Charter and respect for international law. Participants who do not agree with the statement may withdraw till the end of Friday, sources said.

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The Swiss Foreign Ministry declined to comment.

Who takes the cane

Switzerland wants the summit to prepare the ground for a “future peace process” involving Russia – and to decide which country can take the initiative for the next step. Many diplomats declared Saudi Arabia as the favorite, with other states from the Middle East also a possibility.

Zelenskiy traveled to Saudi Arabia on Wednesday to discuss the summit with Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. Bern said Saudi Arabia’s foreign minister will attend the meeting in Switzerland.

The idea of ​​a summit was initially floated after Zelensky presented a 10-point peace plan by the end of 2022.

Ulrich Schmidt is a political scientist and expert on Eastern Europe at the University of St. Galen said the summit so far appears to be a “mixed bag” given the support coming from some quarters and the absence of China. “Then the question arises: can peace really be achieved?”. Schmidt added. “As long as (Russian President Vladimir) Putin is in power, it will be difficult,” the expert believes.

Russia considers the summit unnecessary

Putin said on Friday that Russia would cease fire and engage in peace talks if Ukraine renounces its NATO aspirations and withdraws its forces from four Ukrainian territories claimed by Moscow. Kiev has repeatedly said its territorial integrity is non-negotiable.

Russia, which has sent tens of thousands of troops to Ukraine on February 24, 2022, has called the idea of ​​an uninvited summit “useless”.

Moscow is pushing its “special military operation” in Ukraine as part of a broader struggle with the West, which it says wants to bring Russia to its knees. Kiev and the West call it nonsense, and accuse Russia of waging an illegal war of aggression.

Given such deep differences, the summit will focus on parts of Zelenskiy’s plan that will be acceptable to most of the participants. This includes the need to guarantee food security, nuclear security, freedom of movement, prisoner exchanges and the return of children, officials said.

China and Brazil have their own peace plan

Meanwhile, China, along with Brazil, is promoting a separate peace plan for Ukraine that calls for both sides in the conflict to participate. Moscow expressed its support for Beijing’s efforts to end the conflict.

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Kiev did not hide its dismay at China’s decision not to attend the Swiss summit. Zelensky accused Beijing of helping to destabilize Russia, an unusual move against a global superpower with unparalleled influence over Moscow.

On the battlefield, the meeting comes at a difficult time for Ukraine. Russian troops, who control about 18 percent of Ukrainian territory, have been advancing eastward in a war that has killed tens of thousands of soldiers and civilians, left villages, towns and cities in ruins and displaced millions.

Who will attend the talks in Switzerland?

About 90 states and organizations have confirmed their participation in the June 15-16 summit aimed at building a path to peace in Ukraine in Switzerland.

Reuters presents key actors taking part in the discussions at the Burgenstock resort outside Lucerne. There are also notable absentees, including Russia and China.

Ukraine

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky will use the talks to gain support for Ukraine’s position on three key issues related to Russia’s February 2022 invasion: food security, nuclear security and the release of all prisoners and exiles.

Zelensky insisted that the talks, organized by Bern at Ukraine’s request, included a wide range of countries. Switzerland has invited 160 delegates.

Ukraine announced that Moscow, which was not invited, could be invited to future summits, albeit under Kiev’s conditions.

Russia

Russian officials repeatedly characterized the convention as unnecessary after it was announced in January.

Although Switzerland says Russia should be part of the peace process, Moscow has said Moscow was not invited because it was unwilling to participate. Switzerland says the talks “need to define a roadmap” on how to engage Russia and Ukraine in the future.

China

Beijing, which has close ties to Moscow, has described the participation of the two warring parties as a prerequisite for any meaningful peace talks and has said it will not go.

Both the United States and Ukraine have continued to press China to participate, noting that it has participated in previous conferences aimed at finding a solution.

Zelensky accused Beijing of helping to undermine the Moscow summit. China has denied this.

North America

US Vice President Kamala Harris and President Joe Biden’s National Security Advisor Jack Sullivan will attend from Washington.

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The White House, which has provided substantial military aid to Ukraine, said Harris would express the US commitment to “support Ukraine’s efforts to secure a just and lasting peace”.

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau will also attend the event.

Europe

Other participants included French President Emmanuel Macron, who welcomed Zelensky in Paris on June 7, the Ukrainian leader’s fourth visit to France since the Russian invasion.

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz will also attend, as will British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, days after Germany held a conference in support of Ukraine’s recovery.

Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni, Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez, European Commission President Ursula van der Leyen, Polish President Andrzej Duda, Austrian President Karl Nehhammer, Finnish President Alexander Stubb, Latvian President Edgars Ringevics, Moldovan President Mia Sandu among others.

According to the MAE, Romania is represented by Foreign Minister Luminida Otopescu.

Bridges to Moscow

Hungary, which maintains close ties to Moscow and criticized Western sanctions against Russia, said it would send its foreign minister, as did Turkey.

Switzerland has said that India will also participate, although it is not clear to what extent.

Brazil’s ambassador is expected to attend, and Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva met Swiss President Viola Amherd in Geneva on Thursday, although she noted they had “different” views on the war in Ukraine.

It is unclear whether South Africa, another part of the BRICS grouping that includes Russia, will participate.

“Global South” and others

Switzerland said around half of the delegates will be from South America, Africa, Asia and the Middle East. Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and Singapore Prime Minister Lawrence Wong will also participate.

Australia will send Bill Shorten, the minister for the National Disability Insurance Scheme and former leader of the ruling Labor Party. Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese was unable to attend due to an official visit by Chinese Premier Li Qiang.

Publisher: IC

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