“Holograms” of Goring or Ribbentrop, modeled on empty chairs

Gazeta Sporturilor reporters accredited for Euro 2024 visited Room 600, where eight decades ago the famous Nuremberg Trials (November 20, 1945 – October 1, 1946) took place, in which leaders of the Nazi regime were tried for war crimes and crimes against humanity. . In the gym, modern technology provides a real history lesson.

A great building that encourages thrift, even if you don’t know what went on there. Today, it bears the name “Memorial Nurnberg Trials,” the site of the famous trial of Nazi leaders that marked the end of World War II.

The Palace of Justice in Nuremberg and its famous Room 600, where criminals such as Hermann Goering, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop or Wilhelm Keitel sat, take visitors back to World War II, the darkest period of the 20th century. The Nurnberg trial began on November 20, 1945, and the verdicts were read out on October 1, 1946. Two weeks later, the death sentence was carried out.

The main political and military craftsmen of the Nazi regime – Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler and Joseph Goebbels – committed suicide before the end of the war. Twenty-one defendants from a list of major war criminals accused of crimes against humanity and peace appeared before the tribunal, which consisted of nine judges from the United States, the Soviet Union, France and Great Britain.

During the 218 days of the trial, 240 witnesses were examined and more than 300,000 affidavits were analyzed. The minutes of the meeting consisted of 16 thousand pages.

4 chargesMade against Nazi war criminals, charges were leveled against the leadership of the German government, the NSDAP, SS, SD, SA and Gestapo, as well as the criminal organizations of the General Staff and the High Command of the Wehrmacht.

An oppressive silence prevails in room number 600. Four large chandeliers, a cross in the middle, two marble domes, in princely green, four chairs. It looks like an ordinary courtroom, but it’s anything but ordinary.

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Through the large windows you can see the trees, the roofs of some houses and the foggy sky after the rain. Someone came and drew the curtains, and the whole hall was plunged into semi-darkness. With the help of modern technology, the situation is recreated during the trial of the Nazi leaders who orchestrated the reign of terror and destruction led by Adolf Hitler.

In front of more than 50 people, most of them groups of tourists brought by special guides, a cinematographic screen is lowered, which folds over the present room! It’s incredible, a hologram game of sorts, where famous names from 1945 reappear on the white helmets of orderly soldiers as they testify or are interrogated. A bridge has been created between eras that transports the casual tourist to the breath-taking atmosphere of almost 80 years ago.

Suddenly there is silence. Next to us, the audience ponders, an avalanche of disturbing images and descriptions tells of the rise and fall of the Third Reich and the serial murders. We all remember the millions of deaths, how the process unfolded and the unhealed wounds.

12 defendantsThey were sentenced to death, three to life imprisonment and four to long term imprisonment. The other three defendants were found not guilty by the IMT

On one floor, 3, there are panels with historical subjects and LCDs with moments of the trial. And with other horrifying images, including horrifying scenes from World War IIMass graves and Jews maimed and tortured by the regime.

It’s a very educational experience, but one that leaves a lump in your throat. In celebration of Euro 2024, memories of a terrible era are starkly different. Tie it around your throat and pray to God that it doesn’t happen again.

7.5 eurosThe “Memorial Nuremberg Trials” cost an adult ticket

GSP Visits Room 600 of the Famous Nuremberg Trials!  » State-of-the-art technology that shakes the audience: patterned coring or ribbontrap on empty chairs

Allied bombing from 1943 to 1945 destroyed more than 90% of the city center and killed more than 6,000 people Photo: Imago

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Nuremberg was not chosen as the site of the trial by chance, being a place favored by the Nazis for party conferences. The victorious powers, the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain and France, established an International Military Tribunal (IMT) in August 1945 for this purpose.

According to British documents, Winston Churchill preferred the option of summary execution for these heinous crimes rather than organizing trials, but ultimately it was decided to organize an international military tribunal at the level of the victorious coalition.

24 major war criminals were indicted.A process that targeted close collaborators of dictator Adolf Hitler, with no suicides or escapees. For example, Gustav Grupp, the great industrialist, then old and ill, was no longer tried, and Martin Bormann was tried and convicted in absentia.

Instead, the stars of the trial were Air Force Chief Marshal Hermann Goering, Hitler’s one-time vice chancellor Rudolf Hess, and Reich Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop.

This is the first time in human history that states with different types of governments and constitutions have collectively held high-ranking representatives of a defeated enemy accountable for violations of international law. It was a first for criminal law, a journey into the unknown too.

One of the most important concessions was that the four great nations, elated by their victory, pained by the injustice done, and without revenge, willingly handed over their conquered enemies to be tried under the law. That power has done it before

Robert H. Jackson, US Attorney General

The concept of war crime was already there in the Geneva Convention which concluded in 1864. The concept of a crime against humanity or a war crime of aggression – that is, the crimes against peace invoked in the Nuremberg trials -, did not have a meaning before. These are crimes born at Nuremberg

Christoph Safferling, Professor of International Criminal Law and International Law at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Deutsche Welle

Hermann Goering, the most prominent Nazi leader among those present at Nuremberg, committed suicide hours before his execution.

GSP Visits Room 600 of the Famous Nuremberg Trials!  » State-of-the-art technology that rocked the audience: patterned coring or ribbon tape on empty chairs

Hermann Goering (1893-1946), Rudolf Hess (1894-1987), Joachim von Ribbentrop (1893-1946) and Wilhelm Keitel (1882-1946) at the Nuremberg Trials Photo: Imago

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Among those executed were Joachim von Ribbentrop, Hans Frank, Alfred Rosenberg and Julius Streicher.. They were hanged, then cremated in the dacha, and their remains were thrown into the Isar River.

Those sentenced to prison remained for a short time in Nuremberg, and then on July 18, 1947, were transported to the Allied prison for war criminals in Berlin-Spanta, where they remained until their terms were fulfilled.

The evidence presented at Nuremberg revealed for the first time what we know about the Holocaust today. What happened at Auschwitz and other concentration camps, including details of the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto and the estimated six million Jews who were victims of Nazism.

According to subsequent ratings from viewers, The Nuremberg Trials were a step in the establishment of international criminal law.

The Nuremberg Judgments led to the adoption of the United Nations Convention on Genocide (1948).Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), as well as the Geneva Convention on the Laws and Customs of War (1949).

GSP Visits Room 600 of the Famous Nuremberg Trials!  » State-of-the-art technology that rocked the audience: patterned coring or ribbon tape on empty chairs

November 1945: A picture from the courtroom on the third day of the Nuremberg trials Photo: Imago

In addition, the International Military Tribunal provided the necessary precedent for the trials of Japanese war criminals in Tokyo (1946–1948), and in 1961 Nazi leader Adolf Eichmann (1906–1962) established war crimes tribunals in the former Yugoslavia. (1993) and in Rwanda (1994), a detail appearing in the presentation film from Room 600 in Nuremberg.

12 processesThe Nuremberg Trials followed, in which 183 high-ranking Nazi officials, members of the SS and Gestapo, and German industrialists were indicted.

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