Sources quoted daily as saying that US negotiators plan to hold talks with their Russian counterparts in Geneva on Monday to discuss the location of the missiles and the extent of military exercises in Europe. Washington Post.
Reuters quoted a senior US official as saying that the United States and its allies were ready to negotiate with Russia on the possibility of restricting the deployment of military and missiles in the region by each side.
However, Reuters quoted the source as saying The United States does not want to discuss the deployment of US troops or the deployment of US troops in NATO countries..
The White House wants to test the Kremlin
Sources said the White House wants to test whether Moscow has serious intentions to end the Ukrainian crisis through diplomacy or whether it will lay down impossible conditions as a tactic to delay or as an excuse for a new invasion. Washington Post. In recent months, US officials have not been able to clarify whether Russian President Vladimir Putin believes it is time to re-occupy Ukraine, or whether it is time to forcibly pull back Russia’s strategic orbit. The United States and its allies by threatening Ukraine.
The Spanish agency EFE, anonymously quoting a top US official, said he could reach out to some. “Agreements” with Russia In two areas: the deployment of missiles in Europe and military maneuvers, Agerpres reports.
“We are ready to talk about this because we believe we can make progress, but with one note: always consult with our allies and only if it is about mutual understanding,” the US source said. The official’s statement – according to EFE – during a telephone conversation with several journalists, including a journalist from the Spanish news agency. “Both sides have to make almost the same commitment,” the senior U.S. official said.
Diplomatically serious week
As Russia-US bilateral talks in Geneva on Monday continue with Moscow bringing troops and equipment to the Ukrainian border, Washington and its allies are threatening military action if they fail to respond to Kremlin security concerns.
The U.S. delegation to the talks will be chaired by Deputy Foreign Minister Wendy Sherman, and Moscow will be represented by Deputy Secretary of State Sergei Rybkov.
The Geneva talks will be followed by a special NATO-Russia Council meeting in Brussels on Wednesday and a session of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe in Vienna on Thursday.
After Vladimir Putin sent tens of thousands of troops to the border with Ukraine and raised fears that he was preparing for an invasion of Ukraine, all these talks were aimed at averting the crisis.
What concessions can the Russians make to the Americans
Reuters reports that it is unclear whether the United States and its European allies will make progress in talks with Moscow. Putin wants an end to NATO’s expansion to the east and wants security guarantees, Demands that the United States considers unacceptable.
Russia says it is under threat from a US missile launch in Ukraine, although Reuters reports that US President Joe Biden has assured his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin that he does not want to do so. “Therefore, if Russia wants to make the same commitment, this is an area where we can reach an agreement,” he was quoted as saying by Reuters.
Reuters sources say the United States is ready to discuss imposing restrictions on military maneuvers in the region by both sides. “We are ready to explore the possibility of mutual limitations in the size and scope of such exercises. Strategic bombing and ground exercises near the territory of other parties “, The U.S. official added.
According to the same source, Washington is open to a wide debate Deployment of missiles in the regionThe administration of President Donald Trump withdrew from the Interim Nuclear Forces (INF) agreement in 2019, accusing Moscow of violating the 1987 agreement.
The official also pointed out that there is an area to focus on America is not ready to give up: Ukraine’s possible compromise with NATO: “Russia can not determine who is an ally of other countries”.
Why the Geneva talks are so important
“Our aim is to have an open, honest and serious dialogue on European security at the table with the Russians. We want to be inclusive. We do not want to cross the border,” said Michael Carpenter, US Ambassador to OSCE, in an interview. Washington Post.
NATO and OSCE wide-ranging talks have been a priority for the White House, which has repeatedly promised partners including European allies and Ukraine not to negotiate “about them without them”. But bilateral talks in Geneva may be the most important and meticulously monitored indicator of whether a diplomatic agreement can be reached to avoid a new war in Europe. Washington Post.
“As the Russians think, they have only one common ground, bilateral. The rest, in their view, is decoration,” said a U.S. government official who specializes in relations with Russia.
In Geneva, US officials will look into whether the Kremlin will pay attention to its demands late last year – a legal guarantee that NATO will not expand east to include Ukraine – or, conversely, areas where they can negotiate with others if they are concerned.
“If the Russians come on Monday and only want to talk about NATO expansion, we will stop. I think the administration is ready to fight back – this is beyond question,” said Andrea Kendall-Taylor, an expert at the New U.S. Defense Center. “But if the Russians want to talk about controlling conventional weapons, a debate can take place – and there is a view that there may be a diplomatic solution to the crisis,” he said. Washington Post.
Russia raises shares. What guarantees does NATO want?
Last month, the Russian Foreign Ministry released draft agreements outlining what Russia wants from the United States and NATO. Some words are so unreliable that many Western lawmakers dismiss the Russian approach as trivial. Russia has demanded that the United States and its military allies in Western Europe agree The former Warsaw Pact countries, which are now part of NATO, should not place weapons or forces.
Concerns have been raised that Putin may want to create a pretext for a new invasion of Ukraine once plans are inevitably rejected. It is not clear to US negotiators what the Russians are prepared to accept outside of these demands.
However, some experts believe the Russians are still interested in the actual conversation and would like to see if Washington is willing to discuss any other binding commitment, such as imposing restrictions on the deployment of US missiles in certain parts of Europe.
“The Russians are waiting to see what we can offer and where they can return it, and then they will decide if they are serious,” a government official was quoted as saying. Washington Post.
They say the Americans will negotiate on the basis of “mutual policy” and that the agreement will not be reached until the Russians respond to US concerns.
What the allies are saying. Two feedback streams
The American newspaper writes that the American allies are divided over the best way to deal with Russia. Countries in the United Kingdom and the East – the Baltic states and Poland – want the United States to take a tough stance on Geneva and offer little or no concessions from the outset.
“The challenge for the Russians is that if they offer something, they will want more. Even something relatively moderate, such as the location of the missiles, risks changing the course of the talks,” a European official said.
Other major European powers, such as France, Germany and Italy, fear that the continued rejection of the Kremlin’s proposals could be an excuse to invade Russia, and want the US to prioritize easing the situation in Ukraine.
A senior U.S. administration official was quoted as saying Washington Post He said the Geneva talks were subject to scrutiny and that the United States would not take a firm stand. “Everything discussed will have to go back to Washington and be discussed with the Allies later in the week,” the official said.
At the NATO-Russia Council, it is expected that a large-scale meeting will be convened to allow representatives of Moscow and 30 allies to express their positions.
Following the Georgia invasion in 2008, the Kremlin similarly called for a new, legally binding European defense pact, which led to discussions at the OSCE, also known as the Corfu process, followed by a summit in Astana in 2010. But diplomatic efforts did not result in agreement.
“What we are doing quietly behind the scenes now is discussing with all the actors, including the Russians, allies and non-allies, the best form of serious, meaningful, security-oriented dialogue,” said US Ambassador Carpenter.
Author: Luana Pavaluca