We all already know about the Titanic and the tragedy that marked humanity forever, but also the film world.
1,500 people died aboard the Titanic in 1912, but it was not the greatest maritime disaster of all time.
On April 15, 1912, the Titanic sailed to New York on its first and last voyage, mistakenly considered “unsinkable” and “unsinkable”. 2224 passengers boarded the ship, of whom 1514 died.
However, few know that this is not the biggest tragedy in its niche.
On January 30, 1945, the story of the Titanic would repeat itself, this time taking on far greater proportions.
The Wilhelm Gustloff Tragedy: The Story of a Fateful Evening That Killed Over 9,000 People
In a completely bizarre way, this tragedy will be associated with the name of a Romanian, and we will immediately tell you how.
The vessel in question, named the Wilhelm Gustloff, was built at the Bloem & Voss shipyard with a length of 208.5 meters, a beam of 23.59 meters and a displacement of 25,484 tons.
From the moment she was built, she was to be a cruise ship, nothing more, capable of accommodating a maximum of 1,400 passengers.
However, given the situation, the German Navy quickly changed its use, turning it into a hospital ship in the context of World War II.
As the war drew to a close, it became clear that Nazi troops were beginning to lose more and more ground, and the ship was used to evacuate German troops and civilians in East Prussia out of the way of the Soviet Army. Obviously, it soon became a military target.
In desperation, thousands of refugees boarded the ship Gustloff leaving the Polish port of Gdynia on January 30, 1945, with more than 10,000 people, mostly elderly, children and women.
At nine o’clock at night, a Soviet submarine fired three torpedoes under Romanian command. Alexandru MarinescuAlso known as Alexander Marinesko.
On that fateful evening, the ship sank into the icy waters of the Baltic Sea, leaving crew members either killed on the spot or trapped below deck. Everything happened so quickly that it took only an hour for the ship to reach the bottom of the ocean.
About 10,000 passengers were on board, but unfortunately only 1,200 could be saved, resulting in 9,000 deaths.
Indeed, who was Alexandre Marinescu, who “sent them all to death”?
From what history can tell us, the attack against the ship Wilhelm Gustloff appears to have been led by Alexandru Marinescu, who at the time was the captain of the Soviet submarine S-13.
Alexander Marinescu, under his non-Romanian name, was born on January 15, 1913 in Odesa, in the family of a former Romanian army sailor, Ion Marinescu, who immigrated to Ukraine in 1893.
After graduating six grades, he trained in the Navy. With good grades, he was immediately admitted to a maritime school for children.
It is important to know that he attended Maritime College in Odessa in 1933. Apparently, the young man showed a special talent for his work, so he quickly rose through the ranks.
Upon his graduation, he was assigned to serve as a sailor on several ships in the Black Sea.
In 1940, he was promoted to captain-lieutenant, and in 1944, a year before the tragedy, he successfully attacked the German ship Siegfried and was decorated with the Order of the Red Banner.
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