Pension reforms in France: the Constitutional Council authorizes an increase in the age to 64

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Demonstrators gathered in front of the Paris City Hall ahead of the decision of the Constitutional Council on pension reforms

France’s highest constitutional body has acquitted Macron’s government’s deeply unpopular move to raise the state retirement age from 62 to 64.

The Constitutional Council also rejected calls for a referendum by political opponents, but canceled some reforms on the grounds of legal flaws.

There have been 12 days of protests against the reforms since January.

In March, the government used a special constitutional power to force changes without a vote.

President Emmanuel Macron argues that reforms are needed to prevent a collapse of the pension system, and Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne tweeted on Friday: “Tonight there is no winner or loser.”

Labor Minister Olivier Dussopp has pledged to improve employment rates for the over 50s in a bid to ease concerns about the financial implications of increasing the retirement age.

The authorities had banned demonstrations in front of the Constitutional Council building in Paris until Saturday morning, but crowds of protesters gathered nearby and the ruling was met with ridicule.

Some demonstrators chanted that they would continue to protest until the changes were withdrawn.

Later, many fires were set across the city as riot police tried to contain the situation, sometimes using tear gas. A Paris police official said 112 people had been arrested.

The labor unions made a final appeal to the president not to sign the retirement age increase into law, in the face of “massive public rejection of this reform”. The unions noted that the Court had rejected six concessions added to the reforms, so what was unfair was now “even more unbalanced”.

Among the reforms rescinded by the nine members of the Constitutional Council is the so-called “big index” aimed at prodding companies with more than 1,000 workers to hire employees over the age of 55.

While the Elysee Palace said the president is open to dialogue, he is expected to pass the law within two days. Dussopp said he expects to implement the reforms by the beginning of September.

Lucy, 21, was among the protesters who gathered outside City Hall and told the BBC she was disappointed “we don’t have the power anymore”.

“No one listens to us, no matter how strong we cry,” she added, vowing to keep talking.

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Lucy (left) and Raphael (right) are among those protesting pension reforms

Raphael, also 21, said she hoped there was something in the council’s decision that reflected the great consensus that was in the streets against the reforms.

Barricades have been set up in the streets near the court and riot police have been deployed in case of further protests, which could turn violent.

Unions have called on workers across France to return to the streets on May 1, another day of national mobilization against the reforms.

The Alliance of Left Nubians was one of the groups that appealed to the court over the reforms, and its leader, Jean-Luc Melenchon, said the “fighting” would continue.

He said, “The Constitutional Council’s decision shows that it is more attentive to the needs of the presidential monarchy than to the needs of the sovereign people.”

Marine Le Pen of the far-right National Rally party, who also appealed to the court, responded on social media that “the political fate of pension reform is not settled”.

And while the court rejected an initial attempt to hold a referendum on reforms, it will decide next month on another proposal for a left-wing vote at the national level.

French political analyst Antoine Prestel told the BBC he did not think there would soon be an end to the protests that have erupted across France over the past three months.

“A lot of people have been saying that the reforms will pass and the Constitutional Court won’t sidestep them, so it’s not a surprise,” he said.

“But I think that in the coming hours and at the end of the week we will witness a lot of riots and strikes in the country because there are still 70% of the French people against reform.”

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